ISBN: 978-981-18-3959-7 DOI: 10.18178/wcse.2022.06.022
Short-Term Load Forecasting Using a Parallel CNN-BPNN Prediction Model with COVID-19 Pandemic Restriction as an Added Input Parameter and ReLU Activation Function
Abstract—Short-term load forecasting provides a vital tool for the power system. This study delved into applying a hybridized machine learning algorithm to improve load forecasting accuracy. It aims to investigate the accuracy of the parallel CNN-BPNN prediction model in short-term load forecasting with Philippine pandemic restriction as an added parameter and a ReLU activation function. The CNN, BPNN, and the proposed parallel CNN-BPNN models were implemented using Python. They were trained, validated, and tested using the input parameters such as historical power demand, day of weeks/ Holidays, meteorological data such as temperature, wind speed, humidity, and COVID-19 pandemic restriction. The accuracy of the three models was tested using the MAPE. Results showed that the proposed model achieved the lowest MAPE of 3.52 %, lower than that of the CNN, 4.62%, and BPNN, 3.98%. Furthermore, Pearson correlation analysis showed that the relationship between electricity usage and mobility constraints is moderately correlated with a correlation value of -0.57.
Index Terms—short-term load forecasting, covid-19 pandemic, convolutional neural network, backpropagation neural network, activation function
Shyrel M. Velasquez, Conrado F. Ostia Jr.
School of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering, Mapúa University, Manila, PHILIPPINES
Cite: Shyrel M. Velasquez, Conrado F. Ostia Jr., "Short-Term Load Forecasting Using a Parallel CNN-BPNN Prediction Model with COVID-19 Pandemic Restriction as an Added Input Parameter and ReLU Activation Function, " Proceedings of 2022 the 12th International Workshop on Computer Science and Engineering (WCSE 2022), pp. 151-158, June 24-27, 2022.