Research on the Privacy Security Puzzle Scheme of Blockchain
Abstract—The blockchain represented by Bitcoin, the distributed ledger system can prevent double spending effectively and other issues. But it has caused the concentration of bitcoin mining power, which completely contradicts the essential feature of the complete decentralization of the blockchain. In the blockchain system, transaction data information among users is transparently stored on the chain, and each participant can obtain a complete data backup. These transaction data are stored in an open and transparent manner on each node of the entire network, although it can prevent data forgery and tampering, it brings data privacy problems. In this paper, we propose a multi-level reward structure for the problem of centralized power calculation in the mining pool. This structure can make the miners work alone to prove the workload and obtain the reward through their own calculation power, in order to weaken the role of the mining pool. At the same time, for the data privacy security problem in the bitcoin trading system, we have improved the bitcoin puzzle, and proposed a puzzle scheme based on non-interactive zero-knowledge proof to ensure data transaction security.
Index Terms—Blockchain, decentralization, reward structure, transaction privacy, non-interactive zeroknowledge proof
Tao Feng, Wentao Hao, Jinze Du
School of Computer and Communication, Lanzhou University of Technology, CHINA
Cite: Tao Feng, Wentao Hao, Jinze Du, "Research on the Privacy Security Puzzle Scheme of Blockchain," Proceedings of 2019 the 9th International Workshop on Computer Science and Engineering, pp. 37-46, Hong Kong, 15-17 June, 2019.